A file folder lands on your desk with a thud. You're a rookie police detective, so the Sergeant has put you on the case no one else wants. A bank robbery. Inside the file you see pictures of three suspects: Pia, Quinn, and Raquel.
"We've got all three of them in custody," the Sergeant says. "At least one of them is involved, but I can't keep them past morning. You need to figure out who did it by 8 a.m."
Now you know why no one else wanted this case.
It takes you all night but you finally get through the file. By 7 a.m., here’s what you’ve figured out:
Logic is the rules and principles of reasoning that we use everyday. Like when we figure out someone is guilty.
Even if you don’t realize it, you are constantly figuring out what to do, what to think, and how to navigate the world. That means you are constantly using logic.
We aren’t normally aware of what principles we are relying on, though, or why they are good. In this class we will learn tools to understand and assess our reasoning.
The word “logic” can refer to more than just our reasoning. It can also refer to the study of our reasoning. In that sense, logic is an academic discipline or area of knowledge just like physics, biology, or mathematics.
Physicists build models to study particles and forces. Similarly, in this course we will build models to study reasoning.
The things we will build are called formal logical systems, or just logical systems for short. A logical system is a model that allows us to study how reasoning works.
There is not one logical system, just like there is not one model in physics. Physicists create many different models for many different purposes. We will also create different formal logical systems to study different kinds of reasoning.
The comparison extends further: just like physicists try to discover the basic physical principles that govern the universe, we will seek basic logical principles that have the power to explain our reasoning.
Since every area of knowledge relies on reasoning and problem solving, logic is relevant to just about anything, including reasoning in physics!
When you are ready, use the button to advance to the next section. You can always return to practice doing the problems again.